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The City of Tuxtepec is located on a plateau with the form of a peninsula or a horseshoe, encircled by the majestic Papaloapan River that enriches the beauty of the area with a special charm. It is located around 220 kilometers (137 miles) from the city of Oaxaca. Tuxtepec region comprises a total of 17 municipalities, located at the northeast corner of the State of Oaxaca. Its limits are to the north with the State of Veracruz; to the northeast with the Mazateca region; the east, with the Cuicateca region and to the south and southeast with the Zapotec region. The district of Tuxtepec, with fourteen municipalities is considered the heart of the Chinantla. Its predominant climate is tropical; humid and dry, with rains during the summer season. Here you can find exotic flowers, medical plants, trees typical of the jungle, characteristics that make it one of the main ecological reserves in México. With this great weather, you can enjoy horseback riding, trail walking, bicycling and the observation of wild animals, enjoying the crystal- clear waters of rivers that reflect the blue sky of Tuxtepec, not forgetting the beauty of its women and the world famous dance Flor de Piña (Pineapple flower), typical of this Oaxacan region.

Some of the cities you can visit in this region are San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Cerro Del Tigre, Loma Bonita and Isla. It is a prosperous land of the northeast part of Oaxaca, inhabited by cheerful, jolly and considerate people. Today, you will find a lot of people of mixed racial roots, but the mother race is Chinantec, or as they call it, "tsa ju jmi" that means "people of ancient word". Each of the towns from the region, besides its name, has a nickname, always preceded by one of the following words: "tsa", "dsa" or "alla", which mean "people" and are combined with other terms that generally make reference to a common origin; this is a way for the locals to recognize one other as such.

One of the handicrafts elaborated in this region are the huipils (regional dress or blouse) with different variations of several basic embroidery designs. The entire family is involved in the first part of the process, from obtaining the raw materials to the production of thread and skein, which is done with a spindle. Once the thread is ready, the rest of the elaboration of those gorgeous huipils corresponds exclusively to women.

Sometimes, when manufacturing the most expensive huipils, some element symbolic of the family of the artisan is included in the design.

In all of the embroidered articles, the mythical origin, the history and the traditions of a family or a community are manifested. Women, in addition to clothing, also make table cloths and napkins. Men manufacture fishing nets out of pita rope or ixtle to make atarrayas and chinchorros (cast fishing nets).

Oral communication is the most common way to transmit history. Even though Chinantecos are influenced by the national culture, they preserve their own belief and practices. Their concept of the world is that it is a totality, and it is integrated by elements that oppose and complement at the same time; this knowledge is based on duality: soul and body are different, the first resides in the heartland after death it is taken to the other side of the seas by a large black dog or a spider.

Believing in supernatural beings is part of the folklore that surrounds the Chinanteco population, and they can be positive or negative entities.

Some of these imaginary creatures do evil but others are protective, so people uses brujos (witches) or curanderos (folk healers) to identify which kind of entities are stalking a person, and by means such as "limpias" (spiritual cleansings) they frighten away the evil beings.

The chinantecs? way of classifying their environment is a good example of their cosmic view of the world (cosmovisión), in which the names of places, designations of natural elements, concept of the Master of nature, etc. are faithfully respected and conserved. Most of the Chinanteco communities are still organized and operate under the mayordomía system (of spiritual stewardship).

Within a religious syncretism of the Chinanteco ritual with the colonial heritage, the main celebrations of the Chinantecos are the festivities to the Patron Saint of each town, Day of the Dead/All Saint?s Day and Holy Week.

Magic, tradition and the incredible are mixed in Tuxtepec so you can have a unique and unforgettable experience. Be the protagonist of this adventure and learn more of these marvelous traditions.


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