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    Temple of Santiago Apóstol (Apoala)
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    Temple of Santiago Apóstol (Apoala)

    This is a temple of modest dimensions, probably erected during the eighteenth century. The main façade is composed of a portal and one tower with belfry and small cupola.  The tower is of one body with one opening per side with semi-circular arches, a cornice on top and bottom of this body, crowned with a small cupola with lantern.

    In the corners of the atrium, there are open corner chapels known as “posas”, with semi-circular arches, typical of this construction period.

    Location: The temple is located in the center of the town of Santiago Apóstol Apoala.

    How to get there:

     

    BY BUS

    A)      If you choose public transportation from Oaxaca, you should go first to Nochixtlán; there , you can take a van of the line Transportes Turísticos de Nochixtlán (every half hour from 8am to 8pm), or a bus from the second class terminal, line “Sur” that leave Oaxaca every two hours from 10 am to 8 pm). Once in Nochixtlán, you can take a community bus to Apoala or make a special trip on taxi

    BY AUTOMOBILE

    A) From Oaxaca City, take the toll Superhighway 135-(70 km / 43 mi), or the free Federal Highway 190 (98 km / 61 mi) to Nochixtlán.  From there, you take a dirt road to the north for 40 km (25 mi) taking the detours to Santa Catarina, Ocotlán, San Antonio Nduayuco and San Miguel Chicagua.  Apoala is the first town after San Miguel.

     

     
    Grottos of Santiago Apoala
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    The natives know the Grotto of Santiago Apoala as “Yavi Ko Maa” words from the Mixtec language that mean “Snake´s Cave”, name that appears in the Codex of the ancient Mixteca.
    The interior is formed by two galleries 35 and 40 m (115 and 131 ft) high.  The lower one is the most impressive; walking between boulders and mounds of diverse debris,  you find a lagoon of unknown depth; some people say that its waters  flow underground all the way down to  the Tamazulapan springs,  20 km (12.5 mi) on a straight line, and with an altitude difference of approx. 270 m (885 ft).
    Within these galleries you can observe a great amount of stalactites pending from the ceiling as well as stalagmites that form different figures.  There is one that gets everyone´s attention because it has the form of a tiara or miter; it has been “baptized” by the locals as the stone of the Archbishop.
    Location:   The entrance to the grotto is just 10 minutes away from Santiago Apoala, on top of the hill Yucutotondehui (Nahuatl word that means “Hill of the rock of heaven”).
     
    How to get there:

    BY BUS

    A)     If you choose public transportation from Oaxaca, you should go first to Nochixtlán, you can take a van of the line Transportes Turísticos de Nochixtlán (every half hour from 8am to 8pm), or a bus from the second class terminal, line “Sur” that leave Oaxaca every two hours from 10 am to 8 pm). Once in Nochixtlán, you can take a community bus to Apoala or make a special trip by taxi

    BY AUTOMOBILE

    B)      From Oaxaca City, take the toll Superhighway 135-D (70 km / 43 mi), or the free Federal Highway 190 (98 km / 61 mi) to Nochixtlán.  From there, you take a dirt road to the north for 40 km (25 mi) taking the detours to Santa Catarina, Ocotlán, San Antonio Nduayuco and San Miguel Chicagua.  Apoala is the first town after San Miguel.

    To visit this grotto we suggest that you ask for the support of a local guide.

     
    Yucuhiti (Cerro de Ocote Museum)
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    This museum, the name of which means “Hill of Ocote Pine” in English, is located in Santa María Yucuhiti, district of Tlaxiaco, and a Mixteca community of 900 residents. This is a municipality seat where nine basic foods and coffee producing agencies are located. Its population is approximately 6,000.

    This museum was opened to the public in December 1992. It includes an introductory section that displays photographs, and explains the foundation of various municipal agencies through the town elders' testimonials. There is also an archaeological section, which includes engraved stones and earthenware.

     

    The third section is dedicated to land holdings. It describes the conflict, which lasted almost 50 years between the Yucuhiti community and the Concepcion Hacienda, through photographs, documents, paintings, and other representations. This section includes a colonial canvas of 2.50 x 1.20 m (8.20 x 4 ft) showing the town limits and places of interest.  A temporary section describes textile handcrafts produced in the community.

     
    Location: Next to the civic plaza of Santa Maria Yucuhiti, 250 km (155 mi) west of the City of Oaxaca
     
    Open to the public: Sundays and Holidays from 10 to 2 p.m., and from 4 to 6 p.m.
     
    Fees: Free entrance
     
    How to get there: 

    BY AUTOMOBILE

    Via Federal Superhighway 135-D to México City, drive for After 81 km (50 mi) to the city of Nochixtlán; from there take the detour to the left into Federal Highway 190 for 29 km (18 mi) to the town of Yucadaa, where you should take the detour to your left into Federal Highway 125; then keep going southwest 85 km (53 mi), passing Tlaxiaco; you will find at your left the detour to San Miguel Progreso. From this town take a left detour to a dirt road that will take you to Santa María Yucuhiti.

     
    Ñiace (Cerro de Miel Museum)
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    This museum is located in the Tepelmeme Villa de Morelos community, municipality of Coixtlahuaca; a Chocholtec town of 2,000 residents dedicated to agriculture and cattle farming. An important part of the population is also dedicated to palm weaving.
    This museum contains an archaeological room that displays earthenware from the various agencies and rancherías (settlements) of the municipality and a large shell, also found in the locality.
    The temporary room of handcrafts initially exhibited the material, production, and commercialization of palm products.
    This exhibit was sent to the Community Museums of Baja California and a traditional medicine exhibit installed. 
    Location:  The museum is found in downtown Tepelmeme Villa Morelos, which is located 133 km (83 mi) northwest of Oaxaca City 
    How to get there:

    BY AUTOMOBILE

    Take Federal Superhighway 135-D (Oaxaca-México); you pass the second toll booth, take the detour to Tepelmeme, which is about 26 km (16 mi) ahead. Approximated travel time: an hour and a half.

     
    Enchanted Lagoon of Tecomaxtlahuaca
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    It is a lagoon formed with the waters that spring from the foot of a rugged hill; it has a diameter of approximately 50 m (161 ft); the water is warm and crystal clear with an emerald green tone.  The place is surrounded by a wide plain covered with grass and areas with trees. 
    The site is ideal for activities such as swimming, picture taking, camping and picnics. 
    
     

    In some special occasions, the place changes its appearance.  This is because of its topographical characteristics and its vegetation but mainly because the lagoon is fed by two sulphur veins -one cold and the other hot- and once in a while the volume of the flow increases and goes beyond the lagoon´s capacity ,flooding the surroundings.   As is the case of most all sulphur- enriched waters, curative properties are attributed to the lagoon.

     

    On one side of the lagoon is a small forest that stands majestic and is used as a recreational area by visitors, mainly on holidays or in vacation seasons.

     

    Location:   San Sebastián Tecomaxtlahuaca is located 272 km (169 mi) west of the city of Oaxaca, and the Enchanted Lagoon is on the outskirts of the town, on one side of the highway Tecomaxtlahuaca-Huajuapan.

    How to get there:       

    Exit Oaxaca city to the north to Santiago Etla, where you take Superhighway 135-D to the second tollbooth located in Coixtlahuaca, 116 km (72 mi) north of Oaxaca; there take the detour to the left toward Tejupam, which is 24 km ahead and is the junction to Highway 190;; make a right turn and drive north; almost arriving at Huajuapan de León is the junction to Federal Highway 125;take it southbound towards Juxtlahuaca, and about 100 km (62 mi) ahead you will arrive at Tecomaxtlahuaca. Approximate travel time: four hours and a half.


     
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